Quick Start Guide
Welcome to the Teleport Quick Start Guide!
The goal of this document is to show off the basic capabilities of Teleport.
There are three types of services Teleport nodes can run:
- An auth server is the core of a cluster. Auth servers store user accounts and offer
authentication and authorization service for every node and every user in a cluster.
- Nodes are regular SSH nodes, similar to the
sshddaemon you are probably used to. When a node receives a connection request, it authenticates it via the cluster's auth server.
- Proxies route client connection requests to the appropriate node and serve a Web UI which can also be used to login into SSH nodes. Every client-to-node connection in Teleport must be routed via a proxy.
teleport daemon runs all 3 of these services by default. This Quick Start Guide will
be using this default behavior to create a cluster and interact with it
using Teleport's client-side tools:
|tctl||Cluster administration tool used to invite nodes to a cluster and manage user accounts.|
|tsh||Similar in principle to OpenSSH's
|browser||You can use your web browser to login into any Teleport node by opening
Installing and Starting
After downloading the binary tarball, run:
tar -xzf teleport-binary-release.tar.gz sudo make install
This will copy Teleport binaries to
Let's start Teleport on a single-node. First, create a directory for Teleport
to keep its data. By default it's
/var/lib/teleport. Then start
mkdir -p /var/lib/teleport sudo teleport start
At this point you should see Teleport print listening IPs of all 3 services into the console. Congratulations - You are running Teleport!
Teleport users are defined on a cluster level, and every Teleport user must be associated with a list of machine-level OS usernames it can authenticate as during a login. This list is called "user mappings".
If you do not specify the mappings, the new Teleport user will be assigned a mapping with the same name. Let's create a Teleport user with the same name as the OS user:
> tctl users add $USER Signup token has been created. Share this URL with the user: https://localhost:3080/web/newuser/96c85ed60b47ad345525f03e1524ac95d78d94ffd2d0fb3c683ff9d6221747c2
tctl prints a sign-up URL for you to visit and complete registration. Open this link in a
browser, install Google Authenticator on your phone, set up 2nd factor authentication and
pick a password. The default TTL for a login is 12 hours but this can be configured to a
maximum of 30 hours and a minimum of 1 minute.
Having done that, you will be presented with a Web UI where you will see your machine and will be able to log into it using web-based terminal.
Let's login using the
tsh command line tool:
tsh --proxy=localhost ssh localhost
tsh client always needs
--proxy flag because all client connections
in Teleport have to go via a proxy sometimes called an "SSH bastion".
You can use
tsh --proxy=localhost login to create a client profile in
directory. This will make
tsh "remember" the current proxy server and remove
the need for
Adding Nodes to Cluster
Let's add another node to your cluster.
tctl command below will create a single-use
token for a node to join and will print instructions for you to follow:
> tctl nodes add The invite token: n92bb958ce97f761da978d08c35c54a5c Run this on the new node to join the cluster: teleport start --roles=node --token=n92bb958ce97f761da978d08c35c54a5c --auth-server=10.0.10.1
teleport daemon on a new node as shown above, but make sure to use the proper
--auth-server IP to point back to your localhost.
Once you do that, verify that the new node has joined the cluster:
> tsh --proxy=localhost ls Node Name Node ID Address Labels --------- ------- ------- ------ localhost xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxx 10.0.10.1:3022 new-node xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxx 10.0.10.2:3022
Teleport also supports static pre-defined invitation tokens which can be set in the configuration file
Using Node Labels
Notice the "Labels" column in the output above. It is currently not populated. Teleport lets you apply static or dynamic labels to your nodes. As the cluster grows and nodes assume different roles, labels will help to find the right node quickly.
Let's see labels in action. Stop
teleport on the new node and restart it with the following command:
teleport start --roles=node --auth-server=10.0.10.1 --nodename=db --labels "location=virginia,arch=[1h:/bin/uname -m]"
Notice a few things here:
- We did not use
--tokenflag this time, because this node is already a member of the cluster.
- We explicitly named this node as "db" because this machine is running a database. This name only exists within Teleport, the actual hostname has not changed.
- We assigned a static label "location" to this host and set it to "virginia".
- We also assigned a dynamic label "arch" which will evaluate
/bin/uname -mcommand once an hour and assign the output to this label value.
Let's take a look at our cluster now:
> tsh --proxy=localhost ls Node Name Node ID Address Labels --------- ------- ------- ------ localhost xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxx 10.0.10.1:3022 db xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxx 10.0.10.2:3022 location=virginia,arch=x86_64
Let's use the newly created labels to filter the output of
tsh ls and ask to show only
nodes located in Virginia:
> tsh --proxy=localhost ls location=virginia Node Name Node ID Address Labels --------- ------- ------- ------ db xxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxx 10.0.10.2:3022 location=virginia,arch=x86_64
Labels can be used with the regular
ssh command too. This will execute
ls -l / command
on all servers located in Virginia:
> tsh --proxy=localhost ssh location=virginia ls -l /
Sharing SSH Sessions
Suppose you are trying to troubleshoot a problem on a node. Sometimes it makes sense to ask
another team member for help. Traditionally this could be done by letting them know which
node you're on, having them SSH in, start a terminal multiplexer like
screen and join a
Teleport makes this a bit more convenient. Let's login into "db" and ask Teleport for your current session status:
> tsh --proxy=teleport.example.com ssh db db > teleport status User ID : joe, logged in as joe from 10.0.10.1 43026 3022 Session ID : 7645d523-60cb-436d-b732-99c5df14b7c4 Session URL: https://teleport.example.com:3080/web/sessions/7645d523-60cb-436d-b732-99c5df14b7c4
You can share the Session URL with a colleague in your organization. Assuming that your colleague has access to
teleport.example.com proxy, she will be able to join and help you troubleshoot the problem on "db" in her browser.
Also, people can join your session via terminal assuming they have Teleport installed and running. They just have to run:
> tsh --proxy=teleport.example.com join 7645d523-60cb-436d-b732-99c5df14b7c4
For this to work, both of you must have proper user mappings allowing you access
db under the same OS user.
Sometimes you may want to temporarily share the terminal on your own laptop (if you
trust your guests, of course). First, you will have to start teleport with
a separate Terminal:
> teleport start --roles=node --proxy=teleport.example.com
... then you will need to start a local SSH session by logging into localhost and asking for a session ID:
> tsh --proxy=teleport.example.com ssh localhost localhost> teleport status
Now you can invite someone into your localhost session. They will need to have a proper
user mapping, of course, to be allowed to join your session. To disconnect, shut down
teleport daemon or simply exit the
For this to work, your laptop has to join the SSH cluster first. See adding nodes for more information.
Teleport allows to connect to behind-the-firewall clusters of servers even if the firewall does not have any ports open for inbound connections. To learn more about this, visit Trusted Clusters section of the Admin Manual.
Running in Production
We hope this Guide helped you to quickly set up Teleport to play with on localhost. For production environments we strongly recommend the following:
- Install HTTPS certificates for every Teleport proxy.
- Run Teleport
authon isolated servers. The auth service can run in a highly available (HA) configuration.
- Use a configuration file instead of command line flags because it gives you more flexibility, for example for configuring HA clusters.
- Review the Architecture Overview, Admin Manual and User Manual for a better understanding of Teleport.